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Owning or sharing autonomous vehicles: comparing different ownership and usage scenarios
Zitatschlüssel MouradEtAl2019OwningOrSharingAV
Autor Abood Mourad and Jakob Puchinger and Chengbin Chu
Jahr 2019
DOI 10.1186/s12544-019-0370-8
Journal European Transport Research Review
Jahrgang 11
Nummer 1
Monat jun
Verlag Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Zusammenfassung The impact of autonomous vehicles (AVs) on urban mobility systems is an increasingly discussed topic in recent years.There is currently some discussions about different ownership models and their consequences. Regardingautonomous vehicles (AVs), two ownership models are being considered for future transportation systems. These are:autonomous vehicles as a public service or individual owning ownership. The first ownership model is based on AVsoperating within an on-demand (taxi) service while the second proposes private vehicle ownership combined withoffering the AV to other users when not used by its owner and thereby partially financing the vehicle’s acquisitioncost. In addition to the ownership model comes the possibility of sharing rides. The main difference when sharing atrip is that an individually-owned vehicle always prioritizes its owner. Based on an existing approach for assessing thepotential of predefined meeting points in a ride-sharing service, we develop a method for assessing the sharingpotential of those different variants. We consider the number and distance of shared trips, and thus, we evaluate thepotentially saved vehicle kilometers. We analyze several ownership and sharing scenarios on a case study for NewYork and Paris. The results demonstrate that sharing AV trips has the potential of increasing the system-wide matchingrate as well as saving up to 25% of the overall traveled distance.
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