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The Physics of Traffic and Regional Development
Zitatschlüssel HelbingNagel2004PhysicsOfTraffic
Autor Helbing, D. and Nagel, K.
Jahr 2004
Journal Contemporary Physics
Zusammenfassung From the point of view of a physicist, cars on a highway or pedestrians in a mall are many particle systems. Yet, the particles of those systems are more complicated than typical particles in physical systems. A question therefore is in how far the methods from physics can be applied to systems with these more complicated particles. It turns out that in fact quite a lot can be explained with the methods from physics, which combine simple microscopic modeling assumptions with advanced mathematics and/or advanced computational science. For example, those systems display a surprising variety of states, such as jammed, laminar, or oscillating. Those states can be explained using several concepts, from microscopic to uid-dynamical. Physics methods have contributed signi=0Ccantly to better understanding those states, and to alleviate them where possible.
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